The J-alert system will be refurbished by the Fire and Disaster Management Agency so that it can be used to send as an early warning system during meteorological calamities. They are planning that by fiscal 2014, it will be used to automatically send out the special warnings to residents from the Meteorological Agency.
At present, the J-alert system is already being used to immediately warn residents against tsunami, massive earthquakes and even the launch of ballistic missiles. The central government uses satellites to send messages to the local governments who then relay it to residents through the use of community wireless systems. By May of this year, 99.6% of municipalities nationwide already received the J-alert receiver. 78% also have a device that will automatically send out warning systems that will quickly relay these messages. It is the target that by end of fiscal year 2014, almost every municipality will have these devices. As for ““sediment disasters” or warnings about possible landslides, the local governments are responsible for how best to related the warnings to their constituents.
The Fire and Disaster Management Agency will be introducing the new system by August and this time, warnings will also be issued if there is the possibility of heavy rain and snow, what they call the “once in a lifetime” type of occurrence or once every 50 years, and for strong typhoons, once in several decades.
[via Japan Times]