To help female inmates find employment once they leave the prison, the Ministry of Justice is preparing them by offering job training. Only two prisons are currently involved in the program but once found effective, other prisons may also be included.
The ministry initiated the livelihood rehabilitation aiming to help the inmates find decent and legal sources of income. The ministry found that former female inmates have returned to prison for committing crimes because of poverty or unemployment. As a result, prison cells have become overcrowded. In 2012, the cell occupancy rate was 101.8 percent with its 4,610 female prisoners.
Forty inmates from the Fukushima and Kakogawa prisons have been chosen to undergo the training program. These women will be trained to become medical representatives, as more females are needed for the post. The Ministry of Justice will then be collaborating with private companies to develop an education program. Meanwhile, the Japan Medical Education Foundation will facilitate the medical exam before the inmates can be certified as medical receptionists.
It is also important for these women to be seen with different activities/lifestyle to avoid being pointed out as if a stigma to the society. Although only inmates from the prefectures of Fukushima and Hyogo can take part in the program, other incarceration centres may also follow.
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