The National Institute of Infectious Diseases revealed on Tuesday that as of the 28th of July, 133,802 people have been afflicted with hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD). The illness is common among children, especially during the summer season, but adults may also catch the virus called coxsackievirus A16. According to the agency, HFMD spreads across the country but is more prevalent in the Greater Tokyo Area.
According to CDC, HFMD is common among infants and children younger than 5 years old, for which the Health Ministry reported to be 90% of the reported cases. Common manifestations include blister-like sores in the mouth and skin rashes. Mayo Clinic describes the rash “without itching but sometimes with blistering, on the palms, soles and sometimes the buttocks.” A person with hand-foot-and-mouth disease may also have fever due to infection. Children may also lose their appetite.
Incubation period, the time the virus was caught until the first appearance of signs and symptoms, is usually 3-7 days. The spread of HFMD is common through the oral orifice. Children below 5 years of age usually put anything in their mouth, thus increasing their susceptibility of having HFMD. The National Institute of Infectious Diseases also said that in a week, beginning July 22, there had been 27,773 cases of HFMD. Hand-washing, albeit being common, is still regarded as the best prevention, especially when properly done, among sickness and diseases including hand, foot, and mouth disease. People with HFMD may also have to be isolated to avoid transmission.
[via Jiji Press]