Scientists at the University of Tokyo said they have created a compound that will help the body deal with the glucose in the system. This may be a step closer towards creating a treatment that can be ingested orally, which can be a big help in a world that is suffering from the disease mainly due to obesity.The World Health Organization says that 347 million people around the world are now suffering from diabetes.
Research has shown that people who are obese generally suffer from a lack of adiponectin, a hormone that regulates the glucose in the body adds to the effectiveness of insulin. The scientists were able to develop a compound that will mimic the effect of that hormone, but unlike the real one, it will not break down when it passes through the gut and instead will survive to make it to the bloodstream. According to Toshimasa Yamauchi, a member of the research team that discovered this, it could be the first step towards finally creating an oral treatment for diabetes. They will start clinical tests in a few years, once the compound has been stabilized.
More and more people have been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, and most doctors blame it on an increasingly obese world. This kind of disease can lead to heart disease, strokes and kidney failure. People suffering from Type 2 diabetes have been advised to eat healthy food and exercise but oftentimes, it is a challenge for them to do so. The research team said that a compound that can “simulate” these dietary and exercise activities as well as gain the health benefits for the diabetes patient is one of the targets of the medical field. Dr. Yuji Matsuzawa, whose team discovered adiponectin in humans back in 1995 said this is a big step in the study of protein and of the disease.
[ via Channel News Asia ]